Pamela Quanrud is a retired diplomat with more than three decades experience in the U.S. State Department and U.S. Embassies abroad, principally in countries in transition. She has served five Federal agencies and Departments -- State, Treasury, Energy, the National Security Council and the United States Trade Representative -- and was most recently the Director for the Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS, a 75-country Coalition dedicated to defeating the Islamic State and its toxic ideology. Pam has an extensive background in energy, trade and finance, economic transition, the European Union, Eastern Europe, and the former Soviet space, having lived and worked abroad for almost half her career. She pioneered an innovative approach to debt-for-non-proliferation-swaps with Russia in the late 1990s; set in motion a dialogue at the United Nations that resulted in the creation of the U.S. Millennium Challenge Corporation, and catalyzed new thinking on the energy security relationship between Europe and Russia. Individual positions Pam has held include U.S. Regional Energy Counselor for Africa, Chief of Staff to Deputy Secretary of State William J. Burns; Principal Deputy Executive Secretary to Secretary Hillary Clinton; Deputy Assistant Secretary in the Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs responsible for the 19 countries of the Nordic, Baltic, Central European and Germanic-speaking regions; Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Embassy in Warsaw, Poland; Economic Minister Counselor in Moscow, Russia; Director for European Affairs at the National Security Council; and assignments to the U.S. Mission to the UN and Embassy Bonn at the time of German unification.